Brain Tumours in Teenagers and Young Adults: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Brain tumours can affect anyone, regardless of age. However, when it comes to teenagers and young adults, the impact can be particularly devastating. In this blog post, we will explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for brain tumours in this age group.

Causes of Brain Tumours

The exact causes of brain tumours in teenagers and young adults are still not fully understood. However, there are certain risk factors that have been identified. These include:

  • Genetic factors
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Prior history of certain genetic disorders
  • Family history of brain tumours

It’s important to note that in many cases, the cause of a brain tumour remains unknown.

Symptoms of Brain Tumours

The symptoms of brain tumours can vary depending on the location and size of the tumour. Some common symptoms in teenagers and young adults include:

  • Headaches
  • Seizures
  • Changes in vision or hearing
  • Difficulty with balance or coordination
  • Memory problems
  • Mood swings or personality changes
  • Weakness or numbness in the limbs

If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to seek medical attention promptly.


Diagnosing a brain tumour in teenagers and young adults usually involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. These tests may include:

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Computed Tomography (CT) scan
  • Biopsy

Once a diagnosis is confirmed, further tests may be done to determine the type and stage of the tumour, which will help guide treatment decisions.

Treatment Options

The treatment of brain tumours in teenagers and young adults depends on various factors, including the type, size, and location of the tumour, as well as the overall health of the individual. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery: The tumour may be surgically removed, either partially or completely.
  • Radiation therapy: High-energy beams are used to target and destroy cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells or stop their growth.
  • Targeted therapy: Drugs are used to specifically target cancer cells.

In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be recommended. The treatment plan will be tailored to the individual’s specific needs and circumstances.

Support and Coping

A brain tumour diagnosis can be overwhelming for teenagers and young adults, as well as their families. It is important to seek support from healthcare professionals, as well as from support groups or counseling services. These resources can provide valuable information, emotional support, and coping strategies.


Brain tumours in teenagers and young adults present unique challenges, but with early detection, proper diagnosis, and appropriate treatment, there is hope for a positive outcome. If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms that may be indicative of a brain tumour, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly. Remember, you are not alone in this journey, and there is support available to help you navigate through it.


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